Orchidaceae is the most widespread and diverse family of the world's flowering plants. In fact, many commonly seen plants in our daily life are Orchidaceae. Moreover, the existence of Orchidaceae can be traced back to the era of the dinosaur. In an ancient amber fossil, researchers have discovered abee carrying primeval orchid pollen proving that Orchidaceae existed on Earth at least 76 to 80 million years ago. Orchidaceae has survived many natural catastrophes during its long existence.
However, as mankind evolved and lifestyles changed, the habitat of many wild animals and plants has been destroyed, endangering numerous animals and plants, including Orchidaceae. Today, except for mutant orchids or some artificially protection of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). This Convention has been internationally agreed in an attempt to balance the requirements of modem civilization of the world's ecosystem
The main purpose of holding this 23rd WOC (World Orchid Conference) is to increase cooperation from around the world in order to protect and study endangered Orchidaceae. In Taiwan,the naturally occurring, large difference in height above sea level produces tropical, sub-tropical, temperate and cold climates. This has enriched the unique ecosystem diversity of the country such one of a kind natural environment has become the perfect place for orchid to grow. On the small island of Taiwan, over 400 types of Orchid have been discovered and this is why Taiwan has been called "Orchid Island".
Having ample wild Orchid resources and conservation research experiences, Taiwan has earned the honor to hold the 23rd World Orchid Conference. In the 23rd WOC, Taiwan hopes the conference to not only discuss the conservation of Orchid, but have more exchanging and sharing, and even deepen the responsibility and ideal to build a platform.
Therefore, the 23rd WOC will be constructed by four themes:
Explore the indigenous species and protect the habitats
The concept of Native comes from the respect towards the diversity of lives and environmental education. Since the orchid family is big and it's difficult to distinguish the Orchidaceae plants that haven’t bloomed, scientists believe that there are still many native orchids in the world that haven’t been found. These native orchids might be distinct before they are found due to the urbanization. Therefore, putting more efforts on exploring the indigenous species and protecting the habitats become urgent while the whole world is busy developing the cities.
Rehabilitate and cultivate the orchid species
The idea of conservation comes from the speed of Orchidaceae plants distinction is getting worse. If we find the new species of native orchids but we can’t give them a habitat to protect them or habilitate the species, then we would still lose this orchid species in the end. Thus, the concept of conservation is to improve our cultivation and rehabilitation skills and promote Orchidaceae plants.
Combine and develop the industry of orchid
The concept of diversity comes from the maturity and development of the orchid industrial chain which cultivates more orchids that can be planted and seen at home and create the economic miracle of orchids. The ornamental orchids can be done through artificial propagation instead of getting the orchids through black market. In this way, we can protect the habitats of orchids from stealing. While developing the industry, we can also assist the flower growers to transform into learning quality agriculture and train more orchid breeders.
International communication and promotion of education
The idea of share comes from sustainable operation. Since conservation of orchids is developing and improving, we can’t just do our own job but connecting ourselves to the world. We can communicate and share our industry with other. In the meanwhile, we can promote and deepen correct conservation ideas in order to pass down the conservation of orchids through generations.